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Term Definition
Pacemaker

an implanted heart device to correct a very slow or irregular heart beat

PCR - polymerase chain reaction

a procedure that produces millions of

Perioperative

around the time of surgery

PGD

abbreviation for preimplantation genetic diagnosis achieved through in vitro fertilization where analysis of embryos is done prior to being implanted by a doctor into the uterus of a woman

Pharynx

the upper expanded portion of the digestive tube, between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavities above and in front

Phenotype

the observable signs, symptoms and other aspects of a person's outward appearance and behavior

PICU

Pediatric intensive care unit

Pilomatrixoma

benign skin tumors under the skin; associated with hair follicles

Placenta

organ formed inside the lining of the womb that provides nourishment for fetus and elimination of its waste products

Placenta accreta

condition in pregnancy in which the

Placenta previa

condition in pregnancy in which the

Polyhydramnios

excessive amniotic fluid build-up during pregnancy

Postoperative apnea

absence of breathing after surgery

Postpartum hemorrhage

heavy bleeding from the birth canal after vaginal delivery of a baby

Pre-mutation

the presence of slightly more than the normal number of nucleotide repeats in the genetic mutation, e.g. in DM1, somewhere between 38 and 50; CTG repeats;

Prenatal diagnosis

a process of determining whether a child in the womb has a specific inherited disorder

Prognosis

forecast of the probable course

PROMM

abbreviation for proximal myotonic myopathy or DM2

Proximal

in medicine, it refers to a part of the body that is nearest to the trunk of the body, such as thighs and upper arms

Ptosis

droopy eye-lids due to muscle atrophy

Pulse oximetry

a test to measure oxygen levels in the blood

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