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D

Term Definition
Degenerative

deteriorating, getting worse

Depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents

(example: suxamethonium) drugs causing skeletal muscle paralysis

Distal

situated away from the trunk of the body, at the end of the limbs toward the feet and hands

DM1

the abbreviation for the Latin name for myotonic dystrophy (dystrophia myotonica) type 1, the more severe form of myotonic dystrophy with the mutation found on chromosome 19

DM2

the abbreviation for the Latin name for myotonic dystrophy (dystrophia myotonica) type 2, with the mutation found on chromosome 3

DMPK

the abbreviation for the myotonic dystrophy gene, the Myotonic Dystrophy Protein Kinase gene that causes DM1; it is located on chromosome 19

Dominant inheritance

as in myotonic dystrophy, the expression of a gene where if one parent carries the mutated gene, the children have a 50% chance of getting it

Double helix

two strands of DNA held together by hydrogen bonds; when enlarged it

Dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

Dysphasia

difficulty speaking

Dyspnea

shortness of breath

Dystrophy

an inherited muscle disorder in which the muscles become weaker

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