Prevalence of Lifestyle Risk Factors in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1
Cynthia Gagnon, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Luc Laberge, Diane Brisson, Daniel Gaudet, Mélissa Lavoie, Nadine Leclerc, Jean Mathieu
Can J Neurol Sci. 2013; 40: 42-47
The prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking has seldom been described in neuromuscular disorders, including myotonic dystrophy type 1. However, it is essential to document the unhealthy lifestyle habits as they can worsen existing impairments and disabilities. A study by Gagnon et al. investigated the prevalence of lifestyle risk factors among classic and mild DM1 phenotypes. Results of this survey showed significant differences between classic and mild phenotypes where those with the classic phenotype being more often regular smokers, consuming more illicit drugs and being less physically active. The authors hope that results from this study will provide more guidance for the development of better-adapted and focused health promotion interventions in the future.